In a nutshell it’s a way for owners of business and investment Real Estate to sell their property and buy other like kind property without paying the Capital Gains Tax. These transactions are known as deferred exchanges, or 1031 exchanges, and allow the investor to continue his investment in another property without loosing investment equity to taxes.
Trading or exchanging property has gone on for many years but there were no clear IRS rules on how those transactions would be taxed. That all changed in the summer of 1990 when the I.R.S. finally came out with the long awaited rules on Deferred Exchanges. Section 1.1031 of the Internal Revenue Code laid out in detail the procedure for turning a sale and purchase type transaction into an exchange.
These new rules allowed the owners of business and investment Real Estate to buy and sell their property on the open market, and by following these simple rules defer the payment of the Capital Gains tax.
The rules require that the property must be of “like kind” however the like kind provision for Real property is quite broad. It includes Land, Rental, and Business property. Any of which, can be exchanged for the other.
The rules also require that the "Exchanger" use a safe harbor to hold the proceeds while the exchange was in progress, and spells out what those safe harbors are.
The only practical safe harbor for most "Exchangers" is a "Qualified Intermediary." Realty Exchangers, Inc., is a qualified intermediary, and is set up to assist you in making a smooth and easy exchange.
The rules also required certain time limits and other requirements, all of which are described in our free Procedure Manual , which you can download from this site.
If you have trouble downloading this information, or if you have questions after reading it, please call us at 1-360-695-8258.